Pune is located about 120 kms from Mumbai and is surrounded by hills on all sides. Pune is situated on the banks of the two rivers Mula & Mutha which are tributaries of the Bhima river.
The history of Pune can be traced back to the days of Satavahanas (1st to 4th century AD) when it was referred to as Punyaka. In the days of the Yadava rule which followed, Punyaka was known for its cool climate and abundance of water. In the writings of Chaitanya Maha Prabhu who visited Punyaka in the 11th century, a vivid description is given of the city with a lake in it and large number of Brahmins performing their morning pooja.
At the end of the 14th century, many parts of southern India went into the possession of the Mughals and Shri Shahaji Raje Bhosale, one of the Generals of the Nizam administered this area. Later on, his son Chatrapati Shri Shivaji Raje fought many victorious campaigns and founded the Maratha Empire which stretched from Madhya Pradesh in the north to Karnataka in the south. Later, the Peshwas, the chief ministers of the Chatrapati assumed political prominence and administered Pune till the British finally took over.